Asphyxia and breathing trouble after birth cause more than 1.8 million infant deaths per year, most in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Properly trained and equipped health care professionals can significantly reduce infant mortality due to asphyxia. Current issues include an acute shortage of trained birth attendants, the high cost of training, the difficulty and logistics of training, and currently, one in five trained health care professionals fail to perform resuscitation correctly. There is no available data on the root cause of these failures.
Our team has designed an Augmented Infant Resuscitator (AIR). AIR is an inexpensive add-on device for existing emergency ventilation equipment that monitors and records resuscitation performance. It provides real-time feedback to trainers and users to both shorten training times, and improve resuscitation quality and technique. On-board data logging permits clinician desk review to pinpoint and remedy common problems with resuscitation training and equipment.
A working proof-of-concept prototype has already been built. The prototype is being miniaturized and ruggedized with support from an IDEAS Global Challenge Development Grant. This grant application will support further technology development and deployment to Uganda for trials of usability and technology acceptance at Mbarara University of Science and Technology.
Help infant resuscitation trainers to train more effectively, identify problems with current technique and training practices.
Kevin Cedrone, PhD Candidate: Mr. Cedrone is a PhD Candidate in the Department of Mechanical engineering at MIT. His research focus is emissions and efficiency of advanced gasoline engines. He has experience designing and building experiments that include extensive instrumentation of pressure, temperature and flow systems. He also co-founded EverSight Systems a startup that developed low-cost, low-power sensing and automation tools for distributed power generation systems.
Craig Mielcarz: Mr. Mielcarz is an independent consultant with nearly 10 years experience providing hands-on electrical and systems engineering leadership for new product development. His background producing low-cost, portable, battery-operated devices for medical and biotech applications is particularly relevant to the development of AIR. Mr. Mielcarz also maintains an extensive network of both domestic and overseas manufacturers and suppliers, and has experience managing the transition from early stage prototyping through to eventual high-volume production. Mr. Mielcarz holds a B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from MIT.
Dr. Santorino Data, MD: Dr. Data is a Pediatrician, lecturer and researcher at Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST). He is a national trainer, and implementer of the HBB program in Uganda and he is also the Uganda Country Manager for CAMTech. His desire to objectively assess and monitor the quality of neonatal resuscitation led to the development of AIR.
Dr. Kristian Olson, MD: Dr Olson is a seasoned innovator, clinician and researcher at the Massachussets General Hospital. He is the Medical Director for the Consortium for Affordable Medical Technologies (CAMTech) housed at MGH. His previous innovations include the Cool Comply device for maintaining a cold chain in poor resource settings; A low cost car-parts incubator among others. Dr. Olson is an international trainer, implementer and evaluator of the Helping Babies Breath (HBB) program. He will be the principle investigator on this project.
Mbarara University of Science and Technology
Mbarara University of Science & Technology (MUST), commonly known as Mbarara University, is a public university in Uganda.
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