Urban waste management and the security of cooking fuel supply are two seemingly intractable problems amongst the Kenyan poor. We aim to address both (and generate local income) by turning household organic waste into charcoal. trashiscash at mit dot edu
Charcoal is a common cooking fuel in the developing world. In Kibera, the largest slum in Nairobi, Kenya, about 300 tons of charcoal is consumed daily, and the wood to make charcoal is illegally trafficked from rural forests. This not only causes severe deforestation, but the increasing charcoal price (due to scarcity) also puts a severe economic burden on the households (spending up to 50% of its income on cooking fuel alone). At the same time, urban waste management is at best poorly done, and in particular, no one really knows what to do with organic waste.
We propose to produce alternative charcoal from urban household organic waste. Our innovations are:
Managing organic waste more cheaply than existing solutions (biogas, fertilizers),
Reframing unrelated technologies to serve urban charcoal-making, and
Shortening the inefficient rural-to-urban charcoal supply chain.
We are working with the Nairobi Fab Lab and waste-sorting youth groups to implement, by summer 2012, a pilot charcoal project that can increase the income of the youth groups by 46%. At the same time, we will collaborate with the University of Nairobi and the Rumuruti Forest Association to engage in user experience surveys to market and distribute our eco-makaa briquettes locally.
You can follow our team's progress here: takachar.blogspot.com
And here is our Facebook page --- http://www.facebook.com/pages/Takachar/220716124668211
Increasing the income of the youth groups by 46%, while managing 20 tons/week of organic waste, mitigating 8 tons/day of equivalent greenhouse CO2 emissions, providing 200 households with reliable charcoal supply, and saving 700 trees/year.
Design & briquetting (@MIT)
Jacob Young is currently a junior in chemical engineering. He has experience with technical design and is interested in pyrolysis processes. Over IAP 2012, he spent four weeks in Kenya as a Technology Dissemination Fellow in the MIT International Development Initiative to demonstrate agricultural charcoal near the Rumuruti Forest, as well as to prototype charcoal-making technologies in an urban setting in the Kibera slum. He is excited to be working more on the design aspect in the spring semester.
Ala'a Siam is a freshman at MIT hoping to major in courses 20 (biological engineering) and 6 (Electrical Engineering and Computer Science) and minor in materials engineering and public policy. He is interested in international development and supply chains, and has gained experience through his membership in MEET (Middle East Education through Technology), UAEM (Universities Allied for Essential Medicine), SANA, and ESD (Engineering Systems Division). He hopes to implement his leadership skills to alleviate poverty through market-based techniques.
Marie Burkland is currently a junior in chemical engineering. She has a strong interest in energy working in technical design to improve the lives of others. She looks forward to working on the technical team this spring to continue to design and prototype charcoal-making technologies.
Carolyn Joseph is an MIT freshman planning to study either Materials Engineering or Mechanical Engineering. She is excited to work on the technical aspects of this project and help the team create a stable source of cooking fuel in Kenya.
Eta Atolia is currently a freshman at MIT majoring in course 7, Biology, and minoring Biomedical Engineering. She is very interested in research on energy and fuels. She has gained experience and interest through conducting research at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) on algae fuels.
Allen Ojema is a third-year student studying for a bachelor's degree in Civil and Construction Engineering. He has also done accountancy (Certified Public Accountancy) at the Strathmore University and he is intending to start on Project Management as a Diploma course. He is interested in environmental preservation, research, innovation and general community outreach, and all this are all what Takachar as a team and a project stands for. He has gained experience through Fab Lab Nairobi, Engineering Students Association, and the Kuweni Serious outreach program for disadvantaged girls. He hopes to implement his leadership and innovative skills and to alleviate poverty through market-based techniques, sustainable solutions and available resources to ensure environmental preservation.
Juliette Wanyiri is a fourth-year Electrical and Information Engineering student at the University of Nairobi. She has taken the lead in the Robotics Outreach Programme at FabLab Nairobi since 2009. Juliette is passionate about design, with a special focus on using design in development to help achieve the Millenium Development Goals, with her area of focus being in developing innovative education tools for Kenyan children using robotics. She has also a research intern at iHub Research where she is currently developing a platform for innovators in tech to harness their skills and ideas in developing innovations that meet the needs of the Kenyan market.
Lisa Kara is a third-year undergraduate Civil and Construction Engineering student. She has a strong interest in environmental conservation and sustainability, social service and outreach and technical innovation. She has worked with Engineering Students Association, Fab Lab, and the Kuweni Serious outreach program for disadvantaged girls. She looks forward to exchanging ideas and sharing skills related to engineering hardware and software.
Karl, hailing from Cameroon, is a third-year undergraduate student pursuing mechanical and manufacturing engineering at the University of Nairobi. He is an active member of the FabLab, in which projects on community development in collaboration with KWENI SERIOUS Kenya and NIKE are being done under the Outreach and Robotics group. He is also a member of the Engineering Student Association. He is interested in aspects of research and analysis especially relating to improvement and community development, leadership and mentoring interactions in global engineering and industrial circles. He joined the Takachar team with the dream of being able to develop solutions to global problems which will improve the human facilities and usage as a whole.
Roy Ombatti is a third-year undergraduate student pursuing a degree in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering at the University of Nairobi. He is an active member of Fablab and the school's Engineering Student Association. He has a keen interest in community development as he led the Fablab Outreach Team in the collaborative social project with Kuweni Serious under the Nike Foundation's Girl Effect Program focussing on the under-priviledged girl child. He is passionate about developing alternative sources of energy, and is also working on a low-cost housing project dealing with interlocking bricks.
Flora Kaai is currently a third-year undergraduate student at the University of Nairobi studying Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. She is interested in community development mainly by providing sustainable housing for displaced persons in Kenya, community outreach and engineering design. She has gained experience through the Nairobi FabLab, the Kuweni Serious Outreach Program and the Design for Development workshop organized by MIT at the University of Nairobi.
Relations, surveys, and numbers
Kevin Kung (Biological Engineering/HST, G) has had seven years of experience working in various international development projects, such as education in urban Vietnam, water and sanitation in rural Uganda, stabilized soil blocks in rural Ghana (with D-Lab), and global health delivery and management in Nairobi, Kenya (with GHD Lab). He has been involved with Engineers Without Borders-Princeton (2005-08 as a technical team member, since 2011 as a mentor), and Engineers Without Borders-MIT (since 2009). Together with the community partners in Kibera, he seeded a modest idea in March 2011 that eventually turned into the basis of Takachar, which has ever since grown organically beyond his original expectations.
Sisi Ni (Material Science & Engineering, G) has a strong interest in improving well-beings through innovation and technology. Being the current Treasurer of the Graduate Student Council and the Director of Finance of the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students, she has had extensive experience with various fundraising efforts, such as for helping deprived rural students receive education, and for assisting Sichuan earthquake victims. She has worked on several energy efficient projects and is eager to see the deployment of technology that could benefit the development countries.
Vincent Liu is a doctoral student at MIT studying Electrical engineering and medical devices. He is experienced in both technology and business development for the developing world; he was previously involved with a medical device startup focusing on affordable skin grafting technology and team Salud del Sol, a team developing solar-powered autoclaves for use in the developing world.
Ya Lin is a graduate student at Harvard pursuing PhD in Biophysics and Master in Statistics. She has extensive experience with survey design and data analysis using various statistical packages. She has a strong interest in financial market research and modeling. In 2011, she did a 10-week summer internship with ExxonMobil, evaluating quantitative and qualitative data on commodity products. Ya served as the Vice President of the Singapore Student Association in college, directed fundraising efforts that generated $8,000+ and assisted in orchestrating cross-cultural events. Being the Co -Founder and the current Treasurer of the Harvard Graduate Business Club, she has extensive experience with fundraising and event organization.
Titiaan Palazzi is currently a graduate student in the EST program at MIT who is also concluding a masters (cum laude) in Physics of Renewable Energy at Delft University, having spent time as a researcher at MIT (where he is now) and a student at ETH Zürich. He is currently working on biomass gasification in developing countries, but his interests reach into distributed solar, bio-fuels and software & energy. During his masters, he founded the Dutch chapter of the Kairos Society, inspired by the vision to build a global network of young entrepreneurs who aim to start scalable, meaningful ventures. Built upon another passion – cooking – Titiaan co-founded Bodega Ksi catering company during his bachelors after successfully launching and running a summer restaurant.
Nicholas Roose is a first-year student at The Fletcher School pursuing a Master in International Business with a focus on strategic management and development economics. His past experiences include working with ACCION International, a pioneer in the provision of “micro” financial services to the world’s un-banked populations, and with Kiva.org – an online microlending platform – in Indonesia. He is excited to bring his experiences with market-based solutions to poverty reduction to this project and contributing to the development of market entry strategies, as well as exploring methodologies for low-cost distribution and supply chain management.
Amy Banzaert is a doctoral student in Mechanical Engineering at MIT. She studies the combustion emissions associated with cooking fuel in developing countries, focusing on D-Lab's agricultural waste charcoal in Nicaragua. Amy has also traveled to Haiti, El Salvador, and Kenya for charcoal-related work. She created the class D-Lab: Energy and taught it for two years. She also helped run the IDEAS Competition in its earliest years.
Libby McDonald, as an MIT Community Innovators Lab Global Program Associate, develops and implements waste sector technology and integrated waste management enterprises in middle and low-income communities to promote social and economic change. Currently, in partnership with municipalities, the United Nations Development Program, universities, and NGOs in Latin America, the Caribbean, India, and in the United States she applies innovative waste technologies and business models in urban centers and remote municipalities that simultaneously reduce greenhouse gas emissions and create jobs for impoverished populations. In her MIT course, D-Lab Waste, Libby offers students the opportunity to explore and create real-world solutions for assisting cities in their efforts to manage waste. A writer and a documentary filmmaker, Libby's films and written work explore issues of race, equality, and the environment. In 2007 she published the book The Toxic Sandbox: The Truth About Environmental Toxins and Our Children's Health and was featured on more than 60 radio shows.
Dr. Kamau Gachigi heads the University of Nairobi Science and Technology Park, at which over 15 technology-based businesses are currently being incubated. He is also a member of the National Steering Committee for the Mzalendo Science and Technology Park. He has been a lecturer and researcher in the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering at the University of Nairobi (UoN) since 1999. His current areas of research include activated carbon from agricultural wastes for affordable potable-water filtration, and investigation into value addition of titanium and iron bearing ores and digital fabrication. He also heads the Fab Lab at University of Nairobi, which is part of the international Fab Lab network started at MIT, and Fab Lab serves as a rapid prototyping center within the S&TP. He has published 10 scientific papers, 17 papers on technology and innovation, and holds a U.S. patent. He spent 2.5 years in Japan as a researcher for the electronic, and component manufacturer TDK before joining academia. He is also the Vice President Operations for Genziko Inc., a Kenya-US start-up in the avante garde area of road power generation. He holds a doctorate in Solid State Science form Penn State University, USA.
Hillary Omala is the interim Executive Director and previously worked as the Head of Health services at CFK and in the Tabitha Clinic as the Clinic manager for 4 years. He has a B.A. in Sociology and Communication from the University of Nairobi, a Post Graduate Diploma in Project Management and he is currently pursuing a Masters Degree in Public Health (Health Economics & Policy development) from the University of Nairobi. In his free time, Hillary enjoys reading, watching football and socializing.
Norbert Aluku, raised in Kibera and conversant with the life of the Kibera community, joined CFK as the Partnerships & Sustainability Manager from the Association of Microfinance Institutions (AMFI) Kenya where he was until recently the Programs & Research Officer. Norbert holds a Bachelor of Science Degree from the University of Nairobi, a Diploma in Sports from Makerere University in Uganda and a Higher Diploma in Computer Science of which Norbert is an Associate Member of the Institute for the Management of Information Systems (IMIS). In his free time, he enjoys swimming and a game of chess.
Will Ruddick holds a masters degree in High Energy Physics from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and completed three years as a doctoral candidate conducting research at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). After working in interferometric microscope design, Mr. Ruddick began teaching science and consulting non-profit business. This work lead him to Kenya in 2008 as a US Peace Corps volunteer science teacher. Following this, Will became the Kenya Country Director of Green World Campaign managing small business development and environmental programs in rural and urban Coast Province, Nairobi informal settlements and Laikipia District. Will is enthusiastic about working with Takachar to create sustainable charcoal businesses that are synergistic with participatory forest management and environmental education programs in Kenya.
Christina Riechers studies international trade and development at the MIT Sloan School and the Harvard Kennedy School. She has worked on market-based solutions in Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, India, and South Africa, with an emphasis on mobile technology.
We are actively looking for interested people with complementary skills to strengthen our team.
Carolina for Kibera
Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya
Carolina for Kibera (CFK) is a non-governmental organization based in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya. Being run entirely by Kenyans, CFK aims to promote inter-ethnic integration, the empowerment of youths and women, as well as community development within Kibera. Its programs include a sports association involving 5,280 youths, a women’s rights and reproductive health center offering HIV/AIDS voluntary counseling and testing, the Tabitha Clinic with over 40,000 visitors/year, a scholarship program, and Taka ni Pato (“Trash is Cash”) a profit-driven solid waste management and entrepreneurship initiative.
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